With hand on heart: what gestures did Crimean Tatars express their respect in the old days?

For many nations, it is customary to take off headwear as a sign of respect. Crimean Tatar men never did this in public, wrote Mikhail Dmitrievsky in the first half of the 19th century, the author of the manuscript «A picture of Crimea or a brief description of Tatars and other peoples living in Tavria …». Our ancestors expressed their respect with other gestures.